Monthly Archives: January 2024

Polar Regions

In Geography we have been learning about what it’s like to live in the polar regions. We learnt all about the inuit people.

We made a mind map about what we learnt.

As well as this we also looked at temperatures around the world. We discussed how the polar regions are very cold. We learnt that we use a thermometer to measure temperature.

Finally we discussed why we think the ice is melting.

BIRMINGHAM WEATHER

Click here to play the thermometer game!

Penguins and Polar Bears

In science we have been looking at how animals have adapted to live in the polar regions.

Have a read of the text below!

Penguins are extraordinary creatures that live in one of the coldest places on Earth – Antarctica! They have amazing adaptations that help them survive in their icy homes.

Firstly, their bodies are streamlined, which means they can swim through the water super fast.

Their short and strong flippers help them steer in the water, just like a boat’s rudder. This allows them to catch fish for food and escape from predators.

Penguins have a special layer of fat called blubber that keeps them warm in freezing temperatures. It acts like a cozy winter coat!
The thick layer helps to insulate their bodies and keeps them warm even when the temperature drops below zero.

Another is the penguin’s black and white feathers. The black feathers on their backs help them absorb heat from the sun, while the white feathers on their tummies blend in with the ice. This helps them stay camouflaged, making it harder for predators to spot them.

Lastly, penguins have sharp beaks that are perfect for catching slippery fish. Their beaks are also handy for preening their feathers, ensuring they are waterproof and ready for a long swim.

In conclusion, penguins have a range of adaptations that help them thrive in their chilly environment. Their streamlined bodies, blubber, black and white feathers, and sharp beaks are all amazing features that make penguins perfectly suited for life in Antarctica.

We classified that there were features of animals that lived above the water and those in the water.

Extension: Watch this documentary below with your adult about Polar Bears

Poetry Comprehension

This week in guided reading we are looking at poetry. We will improve our summarising and retrieval skills. Today we read a poem about Arctic Animals.

Focus: Summarising and Sequencing

In the Arctic, where it’s icy and cold, there are animals that are very bold,
Let’s learn about these Arctic creatures and their special features.

Polar bears, so big and white, roam the land both day and night.
Their fur keeps them warm in the freezing air, as they hunt for fish with great care.
Swimming in the icy sea, catching the seals, so quick and sly,
it’s an amazing sight to see.

Next, we have the Arctic fox, with fur so fluffy like a cozy sock.
Their white coat helps them blend in with snow, so they can sneak up on their prey below.
They are quick and clever, running with delight, searching for food both day and night.

Seals, with slippery skin, love to swim and dive right in.
They have flippers to help them glide, through the water, so smooth and wide.
Catching fish and having fun, basking in the midnight sun.

Don’t forget about the beluga whale, swimming gracefully, without a fail.
With their white skin, they look quite bright, as they dance and play with all their might.
Their special song can be heard afar, echoing through the crystal-clear Arctic water.

Lastly, we have the Arctic hare, with long legs and a fluffy coat to wear.
They hop and jump across the snow, avoiding predators as they go.
Their ears are tall, ready to hear, any sound that may cause them fear.

These Arctic animals are truly unique, with adaptations that help them survive each week.
Let’s appreciate their beauty and grace, and ensure their habitats remain a safe place.

Extension: Try this poem about an Arctic Fox

In the cold and icy land,
Where snow and ice lay on the sand,
Lives a creature white as snow,
With fur that sparkles in a glow.

The Arctic Fox, small and wise,
With yellow eyes and in disguise,
It blends right in with snow and ice,
Hunting prey, from mice to lice.

In its den, it rests and dreams,
Of chasing rabbits, fast as streams,
Its fluffy tail keeps it so warm,
In the freezing cold Arctic storm.

With paws so furry, soft and light,
It tiptoes through the silent night,
Hunting for food with all its might,
To stay alive, it’s quite a fight.

The Arctic Fox adapts so well,
To the frozen land where it dwells,
It’s a survivor, strong and tough,
In the Arctic, it’s had enough.

So next time you see snow and ice,
Think of the Arctic Fox’s life,
In a world so harsh and so cold,
It’s a story that’s never been told.

Unity and Food

In RE we have been exploring unity.

The gurdwara, the Sikh place of worship, has an important role within the Sikh community and is open to everyone regardless of faith. Sikh practices within the religion include prayer, meditation, ceremonies, festivals and pilgrimage.

The langar (or free kitchen) was introduced by Guru Nanak, who was the founder of Sikhism and the first Guru, because of his belief in the oneness of humanity. He offered free meals to everyone, regardless of their caste, gender or wealth. It was a place where everyone gathered and ate together. The langar is also the free food that is served in the kitchen. Many Sikhs serve langar to people outside the gurdwara.

Key features of the langar and why it is important

  • The langar is run by volunteers, who can be male or female.
  • It is seen as a privilege to help with the running of the langar. People help by cooking, cleaning or serving in the langar.
  • There is usually a waiting list of people who want to provide the langar each week. This is because they want to serve God, and by helping others they feel they are doing this.
  • It reminds Sikhs that all people belong to the same human family and therefore should be treated equally.
  • All the food is free, and it is offered to anyone who visits the gurdwara, regardless of their faith.
  • The langar serves only vegetarian food in order to make it inclusive of all faiths. Different faiths have different food laws for example, Muslims are only able to eat halal meat and cannot eat pork.

Arctic Animals

In Reading and Geography today the children have been learning about Arctic Animals. We tried to summarise the information and say two facts about the animals.

Let’s review it by reading it here!

Arctic

The Arctic is a very cold place with amazing animals. Let’s learn about four special animals that live there: the Arctic Fox, the Arctic Wolf, the Polar Bear, and the Arctic Hare. These animals have adapted in clever ways to survive in the Arctic’s harsh conditions.

Arctic Fox

The Arctic Fox is a small animal with a thick, white coat. This helps it blend in with the snowy environment. The fox’s fur keeps it warm during freezing winters. In the summer, their fur changes to a brownish colour, so they can hide among rocks and plants. The fox also has furry paws that work like snowshoes, helping it walk on deep snow without sinking.

Arctic Wolf

The Arctic Wolf is bigger than other wolves. Its white fur helps it hide in the snowy land, making it a great hunter. This majestic creature has a sleek body and long legs, which let it run quickly across the icy ground. Its sharp senses help it find food, even in really bad weather.

Polar Bear

The Polar Bear is a special animal that represents the Arctic. It has a thick layer of fat and dense fur, which keeps it warm in the icy cold. The fur looks white, but it’s actually see-through. This lets sunlight reach the bear’s black skin and warm it up. The bear can swim very well because it has large, webbed feet and strong claws. These help it move through icy water and find food.

Arctic Hare

The Arctic Hare has a beautiful white coat that helps it blend in with the snow. This helps it hide from predators. Its big paws have fur on the bottom, which acts like snowshoes and helps it walk on slippery ground. The hare also has long, strong back legs that help it move quickly through deep snow and escape from danger.

  1. Can you remember the order of the animals in the text?
  2. Can you say two facts about each animals?

In Geography we looked at them closely. We went on a virtual tour of the Arctic.

Many of us noticed that all arctic animals have similarities such as having white fur to blend in with the environment and pointy ears for good hearing.

We also compared the Actic Fox to a Red Fox . We noticed the similarities and differences.

Pictograms and Tally charts

In Computing Year 2 have been learning about collecting data and presenting it appropriately. They have looked at the use of tally charts and pictograms. The children leant how they can select the program 2count in purplemash to create pictograms.

We also looked at questions we could ask. For example, How does the Pictogram show the most popular minibeast?

Don’t forget to log on through Wonde at home and try 2count at home as well!

The Good Samaritan

In R.E this week year 2 have been exploring Christianity.

Jesus used the Parable of the Good Samaritan as an example of loving those who may not be our friends.

You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your friends, hate your enemies.’ But now I tell you: love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you

— Matthew 5:43-47

Jesus taught his followers to:

Love your neighbour as yourself.

— Matthew 22:39

Jesus was asked to confirm what he meant by the word ‘neighbour’. This is when he told the Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37), to explain that people should love everyone, including their enemies. It is easy to love friends and family, but it is much more difficult to love those who you may not get along with, or even those who may harm or hurt you. To show love to your enemies is to truly love as Christ did.

As a class we all agreed the parable of the good Samaritan had a very positive meaning.

Parable of the Good Samaritan

In the Parable of the Good Samaritan, Jesus uses the example of the Jew and the Samaritan, who would not ordinarily have been friendly towards each other. However, out of all those who could have helped the Jew, only the Samaritan did. Jesus tells of a man who was travelling from Jerusalem to Jericho and was attacked by robbers on the way. He was badly beaten and left for dead.

The first person to pass the injured man was a priest, who crossed the road and continued walking.

The second person to pass the injured man was a Levite, a priest’s assistant. He also crossed the road and continued walking without helping the man.

The third person to come by was a Samaritan, a person from Samaria. The Samaritans were hated by the Jews. When the Samaritan saw the man, he took pity on him. He bandaged him and cleaned his wounds. He then put him on the back of his donkey and took him to an innkeeper, whom he paid to look after him.

The parable ends with Jesus giving a commandment to go out and do the same as the Samaritan had done. This teaching of loving one’s enemies is also reflected in Matthew’s Gospel.

Environment Protection

In science we have discussed that Environments are constantly changing, and this is a natural and essential part of the earth’s ecosystem. We discussed how humans can cause damage to habitats the importance of recycling. As a group activity we showed we knew how to sort different materials to dispose in the correct bin.

Further Reading

Some environmental changes are caused by natural phenomena, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and wildfires, while others are the result of human activities, such as deforestation, pollution, and climate change.

Natural environmental changes can have both positive and negative impacts on the ecosystem. For example, a wildfire can clear out dead brush and promote new growth, but it can also destroy the homes of many animals and release harmful pollutants into the air. Similarly, an earthquake can create new habitats by forming new landmasses or altering waterways, but it can also be destructive to existing habitats and the organisms that live in them.

Human-induced environmental changes, on the other hand, often have negative impacts on the ecosystem. For example, deforestation can lead to habitat loss for many different types of organisms, while pollution can harm waterways and the organisms that depend on them. Climate change, which is largely caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, can have far-reaching impacts on ecosystems, including changes in temperature and precipitation patterns, loss of biodiversity, and alterations in the distribution of species.

Understanding that environments are constantly changing is important because it underscores the need for environmental conservation and preservation efforts. By recognising the dynamic and interconnected nature of ecosystems, we can work to protect and preserve habitats and the organisms that depend on them, both for the benefit of the environment itself and for the well-being of human society.